10 things everyone should know about Diamonds!

marilyn monroe diamonds1. It’s the April birthstone. Yes, all you lucky April babies, you get the mother of all birthstones – the Diamond

2. Diamond comes from the ancient Greek ἀδάμας – adámas, meaning “unbreakable”, “proper,” or “unalterable”

3. Diamonds are measured by the 4 Cs. Cut, Colour, Clarity and the all important Carat. In fact, Carat isn’t really the most important, all 4 C’s need to be of the highest quality to insure the biggest price tag. The cut is how the stone is shaped, the clarity shows how clear the Diamond is with the least imperfections the best, the colour should be as close to white as possible and the carat, well we all know that one – it’s the size of the rock!

4. The biggest Diamond ever found is said to be the Cullinan (Great Star of Africa) which was a massive 3,106.75 Carats and is worth over £1 billion

5. A large flawless (perfect Diamond) is known as a paragon

6. Blood Diamonds or Conflict Diamonds refer to Diamonds mined by revolutionary groups who use the profits to fund illegal operations, predominantly in Africa. The Kimberley Process was introduced to combat this issue, the consumer should always seek to validate the ‘history’ of their Diamond

7. Diamonds are used industrially as they are the hardest known naturally occurring material. They are used to polish, cut or wear away materials including Diamonds. 80% of mined diamonds are unsuitable to use as gemstones so are used for industry

8. Coloured Diamonds are known as ‘fancy coloured Diamonds’ and the resulting colour is caused by structural defects in the stone. The most rare is a yellow Diamond followed by brown, blue, green, black, pink, orange, purple and red

9. A black Diamond is known as a Carbonado Diamond, their dark appearance is caused by numerous dark inclusions which give the stone that dark appearance

10. The iconic phrase ‘Diamonds are a girl’s best friend’ comes from the Broadway production of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and was most famously performed by Marilyn Monroe in the 1953 film version



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